Henry III : The Son of Magna Carta
Henry III became King of England within days of his ninth birthday. His father, King John, had overseen a disastrous period in English history and the boy king inherited a country embroiled in a bitter, entrenched war with itself. With barons inviting a French prince to take the crown, the young Henry was forced to rely on others to maintain him in his position.
He was given fifty-six years to mend the damage his father had done. It was to be over half a century of highs and lows in a country crying out for stability, and the final measure of Henry's achievements will lie in understanding the crown that he left to his son, Edward I, and in measuring the impact of tumultuous events on him and his effect on those events.